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Anthony Cooper
Anthony Cooper

4 Horsemen: Apocalypse (2022) !!LINK!!

One of the more eerie parts of the book of Revelation includes four figures riding horses. Much intrigue has been built around these four characters featured in the book of Revelation that iconic art, books, and even movies (such as X-Men Apocalypse) have capitalized on these four horsemen of the apocalypse.

4 Horsemen: Apocalypse (2022)

Plague, war, famine and death: the 2020s have so far been marked by the four horsemen of the apocalypse. Unlike in 1997 or 2008, finance has been not the cause of, but part of the effective response to, these crises. The decade of reforms following the 2008 global financial crisis have proven effective: finance has been largely resilient in the face of the crises of this decade, and played important roles in responding to the pandemic, war in Ukraine, and disasters in a wide range of developed and developing countries. The digitization of finance has been central to this positive role. To continue as a force for good, finance must continue to be resilient and provide systems for effective responses to the four horsemen, and to do this it needs to support financial stability, inclusion, innovation and wider sustainable development. The combination of resilience, inclusion, innovation and sustainable development is central to the transformation of the global economy and societies, so as to achieve the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals and respond to the existential threat of climate change. Digital finance, well regulated, has a central role to play in keeping the four horsemen at bay, and will be essential to respond to the increasing range of crises likely in coming decades. To realise this potential, FinTech and digital finance require a readjustment of approaches to the regulation of finance and technology.

The IRA may make some small inroads into emissions reduction in the US, if fully implemented (and as I say, there are serious doubts about that). But globally, there is little sign that global warming can be stopped at the Paris target; more likely global temperatures will rise above a 2C increase and beyond, as governments struggle to reconcile the need for energy at reasonable prices and reducing emissions (unless a major global slump solves the contradiction for a while). The four horsemen of the climate apocalypse are on the horizon.

Each of the four initial coins highlighted one of the Four Horsemen, but the four legendary figures were always meant to come together to bring about the final apocalypse. That is exactly what the designers have done. Here, the mounted figures gallop into the open, weapons in hand, ready to end us all!

Though theologians and popular culture differ on the first Horseman, the four riders are often seen as symbolizing Conquest or Pestilence (and less frequently, the Christ or the Antichrist), War, Famine, and Death. The Christian apocalyptic vision is that the Four Horsemen are to set a divine apocalypse upon the world as harbingers of the Last Judgment. One reading ties the Four Horsemen to the history of the Roman Empire subsequent to the era in which the Book of Revelation was written. That is, they are a symbolic prophecy of the subsequent history of the Empire. 041b061a72




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