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Noah Robinson
Noah Robinson

The Facebook Effect Review

Impressed? So was a financier who offered Zuckerberg $10 million for the site in June 2004. Zuckerberg, however, refused to sell. In September 2005, Thefacebook was renamed Facebook, following the advice of Napster founder Sean Parker.

The Facebook Effect Review

One significant Facebook effect is political activism. In countries where organizing a protest march might land you in jail, building a Facebook group to address a wrong is almost as effective, and certainly safer.

Through timing, effective networking and nimble business positioning, the social networking site Facebook has become an astonishing success story. The site connects friends and strangers from across the globe, facilitating activism and changing the face of media. Facebook too has changed how we talk to each other and radically altered what we see as private or public.

The Instagram documents form part of a trove of internal communications reviewed by the Journal, on areas including teen mental health, political discourse and human trafficking. They offer an unparalleled picture of how Facebook is acutely aware that the products and systems central to its business success routinely fail.

Instead of referencing their own data showing the negative effects of Instagram, Facebook executives in public have often pointed to studies from the Oxford Internet Institute that have shown little correlation between social-media use and depression.

User-originated connections are the direct interactions between parties that the platform facilitated in the beginning. When Facebook started as a registry of Harvard undergraduates, a user could scroll through all the other students and choose to connect with the few that the user wants to see content from. A Facebook with only user-originated connections would be limited to fairly local connections and more of the direct network effects.

However, as a platform scales, it becomes harder and harder for a user to sift through and find the connections valuable to them. To ensure Facebook could continue to effectively connect people, it deployed algorithmic-originated connections. This recommendation engine uses the data users give the platform to suggest new friends and groups and populate the newsfeed and search results. This heavy hand is necessary to allow global connections to form and indirect network effects to come about, and to bring users the connections they want and would engage with most intensely.

The is the area with which Facebook struggles the most. The company has repeatedly been inconsistent and non-transparent about how it censors content. Zuckerberg has tried to defer responsibility to a quasi-independent oversight panel, but critics accuse Facebook of intentionally not giving the panel the resources or control to do its job comprehensively and effectively.

But on user-originated connections to undesirable content, Facebook has been unclear about who is accountable here. The quasi-independent Oversight Board moves Facebook towards this direction of delegating accountability, but it is still evasive and incomplete: The board only reviews Facebook content decisions after the fact on appeal, and the board is still financially dependent on Facebook and too small to operate at scale.

Twitter has evolved on the same path as Facebook towards using algorithms to connect people globally, imparting many of the same adverse consequences as Facebook. Snap(chat), originally reliant on connecting friends, drastically redesigned its platform to drive indirect network effects that increase the amount of time users spend watching professional content. TikTok has rapidly become a powerhouse by using its best-in-class algorithms to connect users to the most engaging content globally without having to build from a network of real-life friends.

Though this study gives us reason to believe Facebook can set the agenda, it gives us no evidence that the effect of the information people encounter on Facebook is any different than the effect of the information you might see on the nightly news.

At a time when platforms are announcing new interventions to tackle online misinformation (Yadav, 2021) and a large proportion of their users report having been exposed to such interventions (Saltz et al., 2021), there is a critical need to further monitor their implementation and to assess their impact, effectiveness, and acceptability.

Solon, O. (2020). Sensitive to claims of bias, Facebook relaxed misinformation rules for conservative pages. NBC News. -news/sensitive-claims-bias-facebook-relaxed-misinformation-rules-conservative-pages-n1236182

We are very grateful to Social Science One and to Facebook for their partnership in making the Condor Facebook URL Shares dataset available to researchers including ourselves. We thank two anonymous reviewers for their insights on the manuscript. We also thank Guillaume Plique, Benjamin Ooghe-Tabanou and all the médialab technical team for their help with data collection.

This paper examines strategies for making misinformation interventions responsive to four communities of color. Using qualitative focus groups with members of four non-profit organizations, we worked with community leaders to identify misinformation narratives, sources of exposure, and effective intervention strategies in the Asian American Pacific Islander (AAPI), Black, Latino, and Native American communities.

The differences between the treatment of Facebook's early scandals in Mezrich's book--which Facebook has openly discredited--and Kirkpatrick's are stark. In "The Facebook Effect," co-founder Saverin was "in effect, demanding to be CEO of Thefacebook without even making a full-time commitment" and that his "business skills didn't impress his colleagues." While Kirkpatrick characterizes Zuckerberg's treatment of the ConnectU situation as "rude" and that "he certainly should have alerted (the ConnectU founders)...earlier about what to expect," he implies that ConnectU was significantly different from Zuckerberg's initial conception of Facebook. And Sean Parker, whom Mezrich implies in "The Accidental Billionaires" may have been surreptitiously forced out of the company, is acknowledged in "The Facebook Effect" to have been a lightning rod and a liability, but also a crucial early player in the company's success whom Zuckerberg "continues to this day periodically to consult" on business matters.

The hypothesized path model was recursive and therefore identified (df = 5). Chi-square test, Comparative Fit Index (CFI), Tucker-Lewis index (TLI), and Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) were reported to assess the overall model fit. A non-significant chi-square (p > 0.05) (Barrett et al., 2007), TLI/CFI greater than 0.95 (Hu and Bentler, 1999), and RMSEA less than 0.05 (Hu and Bentler, 1999) indicate a good fitting model. Moreover, a bootstrapping technique (bias-corrected confidence intervals) was adopted to test the significance of the indirect effects. Inclusion of 0 between the confidence intervals would indicate significant mediation effects (Hayes and Scharkow, 2013). Finally, non-significant paths were eliminated to provide the final model.

Take your reviews on review sites like TrustPilot or Yelp and turn them into quick Facebook posts. Mentioning the person who left the review will boost post engagement and probably get you at least one new follower (if the reviewer wasn't following you, to begin with).

Facebook aims to reduce the number of hoaxes in News Feed with algorithm tweak.To reduce the number of posts containing misleading or false news, Facebook has announced that the News Feed algorithm will begin to factor in when many people flag a post as false or choose to delete posts.Facebook will reduce the reach of such posts and add a warning on the post (without reviewing or removing the post).

Causation means A causes B, or B is the product of A. On the other hand, correlation implies there is a relationship between A and B, but not necessarily a cause-effect link. In other words, when two factors are correlated, they may be present at the same time, but this could be due to chance or to a third variable causing both A and B.

A 2019 systematic review, for example, analyzed 13 studies on the topic. Although researchers found a correlation between Facebook use and increased symptoms of anxiety, depression, and psychological distress, they also noted important methodological limitations in the designs and participant samples.

As the new coronavirus spread around the world, so did the news about its origin and reach, potential treatments, and the effectiveness of the vaccine. The abundance of information, including fake news, could affect your experience while using social media.

In a little more than half a decade, Facebook has gone from a dorm-room novelty to a company with 500 million users - and an essential part of the social life not only of teenagers but hundreds of millions of adults worldwide. As Facebook spreads around the globe, it creates surprising effects - even becoming instrumental in political protests.

A review on Facebook addiction in adolescents revealed thatas of the beginning of 2014, there were 1.28 billion active users onthe site per month and at least 802 million of these users loggedonto Facebook daily [1]. By 2017 there were at least 2 billion users,making Facebook the most popular social networking site in theworld [2]. In a recent study on 1534 Italian students, 86% wereusing Facebook [3]. And in another recent study, 92% of adolescentswere on Facebook daily. This widespread use of social networkingsites like Facebook has contributed to some negative side effectsfor adolescents including internet addiction, cyberbullying, sexting,gaming addiction [4-7] and more recently Facebook addiction. Themethods for this narrative review on Facebook use and misuseinvolved literature searches on PubMed, PsycINFO, Science Direct,ProQuest and FAST for publications from the last decade. Thesearch terms included Facebook, Facebook use, Facebook misuse,Facebook addiction. Exclusion criteria included case studies, nonjuriedand non-English publications (Table 1).




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    Dwayne Smith
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